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Hate Crime in Scotland, 2018-19

An official Statistics publication for Scotland

A report on Hate Crime in Scotland, 2018-19 was published today. This brings together figures on race crime, and on crime motivated by prejudice related to religion, disability, sexual orientation and transgender identity.

The main findings are:

-  Racial crime remains the most commonly reported hate crime. There were 2,880 charges reported in 2018-19, 12 percent less than in 2017-18. This is 37 percent less than the peak in such charges in 2011-12, and the lowest number reported since consistent figures became available in 2003-04.

-  Sexual orientation aggravated crime is the second most common type of hate crime. There were 1,176 charges       reported in 2018-19, an increase of 5 percent. With the exception of 2014-15, there have been year on year increases in charges reported since the legislation introducing this aggravation came into force in 2010.

-  There were 529 religiously aggravated charges reported in 2018-19, 18 percent less than in 2017-18, and the lowest number reported since 2004-05, shortly after the legislation introducing this aggravation came into force.

-  There were 289 charges reported in 2018-19 with an aggravation of prejudice relating to disability, 1 percent more than in 2017-18. This type of crime is generally thought to be under reported.

-  There were 40 charges reported in 2018-19 with an aggravation of transgender identity, compared to 52 in 2017-18.

 Further information

-  The figures quoted relate to the number of charges rather than the number of individuals charged or the number of incidents that gave rise to such charges. Where a charge has more than one hate crime aggravation, it is included in the overall figures for each type of hate crime into which it falls.

-  The publication does not include information on convictions or conviction rates. Many of the charges reported in 2018-19 will not yet have reached conviction stage. The Scottish Government Criminal Proceedings database is the usual source for convictions data, and they have published figures for years up to 2017-18 on people with a main charge proved with an aggravator recorded - see tables 12 and 13 at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/criminal-proceedings-scotland-2017-18/pages/1/